Instructions for Authors


Types of paper

Original scientific papers (full length manuscripts) should contain own unpublished results of completed original scientific research.
Short communications also should contain completed but briefly presented results of original scientific research. The article should be prepared as described for full length manuscripts, except for the following: the number of pages should not exceed 10 (including 2 illustrations, figures or tables). An Abstract should be included as well as a full reference list.
Reviews and mini-reviews are written at the invitation of the Editorial Board. “Mini-reviews” of a topic are especially welcome.
They should be surveys of the investigations and knowledge of several authors in a given research area, the competency of the authors of the reviews being assured by their own published results.
Professional papers report on useful practical results which are not original but help the results of the original scientific research to be adopted into practical use. Professional papers might be based on the elaborating of theoretical data.


Original scientific papers, short communications, reviews and mini-reviews should be written in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these), while professional papers and all other contributions may be submitted in Macedonian.

Submission declaration

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language.

Policy and ethics

The work described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans;
EC Directive 86/609/EEC for animal experiments;
Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals This must be stated at an appropriate point in the article.


Please submit the manuscript electronically (e-mail address: as a single PDF file, which will be used in the peer-review process. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor’s decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail.


Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses and e-mail addresses of 3 potential referees. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used. Papers received by the Editorial Board are sent to referees. The suggestions/comments of the referees and Editorial Board are sent to the author(s) for further action. The revised article should be returned to the Editorial Board as soon as possible but in not more than 30 days.

Preparation of manuscripts

Use of wordprocessing software
It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the wordprocessor used. The text should be typed (1 ½ spaced) on A4 paper with margins of 3.0 cm on each side in single-column format, font Times New Roman, Mac C Times, Macedonian Times and size 11, Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the wordprocessor’s options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the “spell-check” and “grammarcheck” functions of your wordprocessor. The pages in the article should be numbered. Finally, please create PDF file before sending the article. After acceptance, you will be asked to supply the article as wordprocessing document (zip-file).

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI. The names of substances should be in accordance with the IUPAC recommendations and rules or Chemical Abstracts practice.

Math formulae
Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics.

Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many wordprocessors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.

Table footnotes
Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

Figures (photographs, diagrams and sketches) and structural formulae should each be given on a separate sheet (the place to which they belong in the text should be indicated). The figures should be numbered in Arabic numerals (e.g. Fig. 1). Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply all captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Please submit the pictures in a black and white version.

The tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals (e.g. Table 1) and each should be given on a separate sheet (the place to which they belong in the text should be indicated). Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in the tables are not duplicated elsewhere in the article.

Article structure
Manuscript should contain: title, abstract, key words, introduction, material and methods, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgment (if desired) references and summary.

Divide your article into clearly defined sections (Abstract, Introduction, Material and methods. etc.). Any section or subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Essential title page information
Papers should be preceded by a title page comprising: the title, the complete name(s) of the authors, and the author’s affiliations.
Title. Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript arabic number immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate (with *) who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
Each paper must begin with an Abstract which should not exceed more than 250 (original scientific and professional papers) or 100 (short communications) words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at
their first mention in the abstract itself. Immediately after the abstract, provide a list of 3 to 6 keywords arranged in the order according to their importance.

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Manuscripts which are related to theoretical studies, instead of Material and methods, should contain a sub-heading and the Theoretical background where the necessary details for verifying the results obtained should be stated.

Results should be clear and concise.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).


Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”. Citation of a reference as “in press” implies that the item has been accepted for publication and a copy of the title page of the relevant article must be submitted.

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication,
etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
Reference style
Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author’s name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors’ names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author’s name followed by “et al.” and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically).
Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. Examples: “as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b,
1999; Allan and Jones, 1995). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown….”
List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2000. The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51–59.
Reference to a book:
Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 1999. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304.
Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus journal abbreviations:
List of serial title word abbreviations:;
CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service):
Manuscripts written in English should contain a Summary in Macedonian at the end of the paper. The summary should contain: title, author(s) full-name(s), surname(s), author’s affiliations (institution and address), key words and abstract. Professional papers written in Macedonian should contain a summary in English in which the same data should be included.

Submission checklist
It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal’s Editor for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.
Ensure that the following items are present:
One Author designated as corresponding Author:
– E-mail address
– Telephone and fax numbers
– All necessary files have been uploaded
– Keywords
– All figure captions
– All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
– Further considerations: Manuscript has been “spellchecked” and “grammar-checked”
– References are in the correct format for this journal
– All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
– Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)

After acceptance

One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author. Please list the corrections and return them via e-mail. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant
changes to the article as accepted for publication will not be accepted.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed.
Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Macedonian Pharmaceutical Bulletin may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.

The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article by e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image.
Additional paper offprints can also be ordered for an extra charge.

Copyright Notice

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.